Cyber law is a generic term, which refers to all the legal and regulatory aspects of Internet and the World Wide Web. This cyber law governs a boundless, timeless, space less, medium which has emerged to environ the future business, known as “cyber medium or cyber space”. The electronic medium that is being discussed here is the “internet”. The popularity of internet raised many critical questions about the regulations and the governance of various aspects. Internet grew in a completely unplanned and unregulated manner and continuing grow rapidly. With the population of Internet multiplying about every 100 days; the internet is becoming the new chosen atmosphere of the world. As the internet users are increasing day to day, the scope for committing crimes also increases. Therefore a need for a Law that would govern this medium was seen.
Under the laws for cyber space certain acts have been identified and classified as cyber crimes. A cyber crime is an offence whereby the mode of committing the offence is a computer system and the means is the internet. The psychological factors behind the person committing such cyber crimes can identified as greed, revenge, frustration, grievance and mismanagement. The acts classified as offences under the cyber law are; Hacking, Cyber stalking, Denial of service attack, Virus dissemination, Software piracy, Phishing, & Child Pornography etc. These crimes are real and are affecting everyone, individuals, business organizations, nation states & the international communities. These cyber crimes may be committed against Individuals, Organization, Company, Group of Individuals and Society at large. As the times pass by evolution of almost every thing tales place, so did an evolution take place in the cyber crimes. With the emergence of “Cyber Terrorism” this was evident.
Cyber Terrorism can be said to be the act of controlling a victim’s computers, allied information technology, particularly through the cyber space (Internet), to cause physical, real-world harm or severe disturbance. As the Internet continues to expand, and computer systems continue to be allocating more responsibility and while becoming more & more complex and interdependent, disruption or terrorism via cyberspace may become a more grave danger.
In the ordinary course of time, when an offence is committed by an individual, the subsequent action is either police report of the offence or investigation. On the successful completion of the investigation the offence is adjudicated by the judiciary, same is the case with Cyber Crimes. There are some techniques prescribed for investigation of such cyber crimes and there are also adjudicating authorities or courts established in order to hear and dispose these cases of cyber crimes.
Investigations into cyber crimes can be done through Computer Forensics and Time Stamping. Computer forensics is the process of Identifying, Procuring, Analyzing, & Presenting Digital Evidence in a manner that is legally acceptable in the court of law. Computer forensics is used to conduct investigations into computer related incidents whether the incident is an external intrusion into your systems, internal frauds or staff breaching your security policy. The most important factor in the investigation of cyber crimes is to prove the “Time” of the occurrence of the crimes, as time stands to be most important factor in computer forensics it is very important. Under the concept of time stamping crimes are synchronized as events of an accurate clock. In the case of cyber crimes it is almost impossible to commit a crime without leaving a time trail. The results of the time stamping are regarded as to be as undisputable evidence. Time stamping speeds up the investigation and dissuades the cyber criminals.
Adjudication of offences under any law is very important in order to penalize the offender. Adjudication is the legal process by which the Judge reviews the evidence and the arguments, including legal reasoning set forth by parties or litigants to come to a decision or judgment which determines rights and obligations between the parties involved, or in other common sense adjudication is the normal court procedure. The courts in United States of America have already begun taking cognizance of various kinds of fraud and crimes being committed in the internet. The victims of such Cyber crimes have found no healing remedy, they can either claim for civil damages or wait for the culprits to be caught and be tried under provisions, made for such offences committed in cyberspace.
In India, with the Information Technology Act, 2000 being in force the establishment an adjudicating authority is clearly visible under the Section 46, Chapter IX. This provision states that the Central Government may establish one or more cyber regulation appallet tribunals / cyber appallet tribunals, in order to adjudicate upon the matters of cyber crimes. It is further stated that all matters in such context may be referred to the High Court only through appeal. The statutes like Information Technology Act, 2000 and Indian Penal Code, 1860 lay certain provisions classify certain acts done through internet as offences under the law.
Globalization has caused a tremendous increase in the IT sector, resulting in the increase of cyber crimes in each and every corner of the world including the developing countries like India, Japan etc. These nations have opted for their own measures against such internet related offences. It is a very evident fact about the growth and evolution of laws through out the world, as the world grew larger so did the necessity of governing rules and regulations in the form of law were seen at a high priority. Today, same shall be the case with growing cyberspace and its allied difficulties.
About the Author:
According to necessity of the world it is felt that there is need to collect the information which gives knowledge about the law of Pakistan. Pakistan Law is first Pakistani Law website providing useful law information to the world wide, this web site is designed for general information only. All information is collected from different law sources
Welcome to the Pakistan Law website. This website is all about lawyers information in Pakistan, online legal help in Pakistan, legal dispute, legal opinion Information about various Pakistan laws and government policies, news with videos its all about lawyers, Pakistan law firms, courts details of Pakistan and Pakistan law offices
This Web site is divided in various parts
1. Pakistan Law
Information base section related to Pakistan law which includes Banking Law, Company Law, Civil Law, Companies Law, Communications and Media Law, Intellectual Property Law, Agriculture Law and Tax Law
2. Pakistan Top Stories
What’s going in Pakistan, as we know Pakistan suffering from very bad time. Pakistan law provides all latest news top stories lawyers’ comments feedback and their opinions.
3. Courts in Pakistan
List of courts in Pakistan with all important information phones numbers address.
4. Pakistan Video Bar
Pakistan Law is with one unique section VIDEO BAR; we have added all latest videos of lawyers
5. All about Lawyers
Useful articles related law, law cases from history it can help law students as well as for professions to get some tips
Site URL http://www.pakistanlaw.net
Created by Muhammad Bilal Sarwari
+923 44 44 68 321
About the Author:
The idea of a human aura, a radiating luminous cloud surrounding the body is an ancient one. Mediavel saints and mystics distinguished four different types of aura; the Nimbus, the Halo, the Aureola and the Glory.
The first two stream from the head, the aureola from the whole body, the glory is a combination of two.
The major important experimental investigations into the subject were conducted by Dr. Walter John Kilner of the St Thomas Hospital of London. In 1908, Kilner conceived the idea that the human aura might be made visible if viewed through a suitable substance, and he experimented with dicyanin, a remarkable coal-tar dye. The dicyanin screen was a solution of coal tar dye between two hermetically sealed pieces of glass. Looking through it in daylight and then turning the eye on naked man in dim light before a dark back ground, three distinct radiations, all lying in the ultra violet end of the spectrum became visible.The first was dark and colourless, it surrounded the body to the depth of a quarter to half an inch. The second, inner aura extended three inches beyond, the third outer aura, fell little short of a foot in depth.
The subject of aura is a complex one.
Kilner concluded that the higher brain centres are intimately concerned in the output of auric force.
Dr Annie Besant stated that in our daily life we think and thus create thought forms.
These thought forms remain in the aura or magnetic atmosphere of the thinker, and as time goes on their increased number acts on him with ever-gathering force, repetition of thoughts and of types of thought adding to their intensity day by day, with cumulative energy; until certain kind of thought forms so dominate his mental life that the man rather answers to their impulse than decides anew, and what we call a habit, the outer reflection of this stored-up force is set up. Thus ‘character’ is built, and if we are intimately acquainted with any one of mature character, we are able to predicate with tolerable certainty his action in any set of circumstances.”
By studying aura one can tell the characteristics of the personality; the diseases of the person etc.
If we cultivate positive thinking with abundant love towards humanity the aura will reflect it. The colour of the aura will become red if one entertains negative and violent thoughts continuously.
Hence if we train our mind properly our aura will become bright and divine.
All accidents leave the victims in a state of shock. Senses are numbed and you simply cannot think straight. But if you can keep your cool and follow some immediate action steps, you can be saved from a lot of legal and insurance related hassles in the future.
The first and most natural reaction after an automobile accident is to panic-DON'T!
Though it is difficult to keep a cool head when you are involved in a mishap, collecting your senses and acting wisely could save you lots of time, money and legal issues.
Try to remember the following action steps, so that you not only manage the situation better at that point in time, but are saved from additional stressors down the road.
- The first thing you ought to remember when involved in a road accident is not to flee from the accident site. Leaving the scene of an accident, even when you are innocent, can get you entangled in a lot of legal problems later.
- The next thing to remember is to not move your vehicle or change the accident scene until the authorities have arrived.
- Attend to other victims, but only after you have made sure that you are ok. However, take care not to move injured persons, unless there is fire (or some other type of emergent circumstance) or you are a qualified medical professional.
- Either contact the police yourself or get someone to call them. Police can play an important role, as they have to create and file accident reports, especially if someone is hurt or property damage to the vehicles exceeds $1000. All such official information will be helpful in the future as you deal with insurance companies and if you have to go to Court for a traffic charge (like failure to yield the right of way, disregarding a stop sign, speeding, etc.).
- After the accident try to collect as much information as possible about other drivers. Information like phone numbers, addresses, license plate numbers and insurance policy numbers can be of great assistance to you in future, as you file your claims for injuries and property damages. In cases where there are witnesses to the accident, try to gather their contact information as well.
- If you collided with a stationary vehicle or other property, the onus lies with you to locate the owner of the vehicle or other item into which you crashed. In case you are unable to find the owner, leave a note on the car, with your name, address, contact number, license plate number, time and date when the accident happened and the estimated damage. You may also notify the police regarding the accident within 24 hours. Finally, if you have a camera (digital, phone, Polaroid, etc.), then take pictures of the resulting damage to rebut any later inflated claim by the owner of the damaged property.
As you can see, there are lots of action steps after an automobile accident in Virginia which you can take, instead of just panicking. All the information and facts which you gather are for your own good and will help you in the future if you are entangled in any legal hassle or insurance claim.
So keep your cool and act wisely!
We’re all fond of saying “Know your audience.” But how many of us track our audiences’ rapidly changing demographics? If you’re like me, it’s not a daily action item. But I just received a reminder of how much the audience for my work (and perhaps yours too) may change in the coming decade.
Every year since 1998, Beloit College has published its entertaining and revealing “Mindset List,” ® which “…is an effort to identify the experiences that have shaped the lives—and formed the mindset—of students starting their post-secondary education this fall.” And Beloit has dubbed the latest class (of 2009–2012) the first “Net Generation.” In only four years, these students will join our work force, and according to Beloit’s mindset list:
The Windows 3.0 operating system made IBM PCs user-friendly the year they were born. They may have been given a Nintendo Game Boy to play with in the crib. The Tonight Show has always been hosted by Jay Leno. GPS satellite navigation systems have always been available. Electronic filing of tax returns has always been an option. Caller ID has always been available on phones. The Hubble Space Telescope has always been eavesdropping on the heavens. IBM has never made typewriters.
To these, I’d add:
AT&T has never enjoyed a telephone monopoly. They do much of their phoning for free over the Web. The Web has always existed.
As each college year begins, this list is a good reminder of how dramatically and rapidly our future e-Learning audiences are changing. And as Beloit reminds us about this year’s group:
“The class of 2012 has grown up in an era where computers and rapid communication are the norm… These students will hardly recognize the availability of telephones in their rooms since they have seldom utilized landlines during their adolescence. They will continue to live on their cell phones and communicate via texting. Roommates, few of whom have ever shared a bedroom, have already checked out each other on Facebook where they have shared their most personal thoughts with the whole world.”
This means a lot for the e-Learning community. The class of 2012 may not be the first to habitually seek much of its information from Web blogs, Wikis, Google, Twitter, Facebook, and YouTube. And it won’t be the last.
This doesn’t mean that we must immediately revamp the way we create and deliver
e-Learning (or as some are now calling it: “Emerging Learning”). But it does remind us that:
New electronic channels and Web media are opening every year for our products, services, and promotional information. The world’s next “movers and shakers” will increasingly expect us to deliver content over these new channels, and will seek out our content and services there. They won’t allow themselves to remain bored for long by e-Learning materials that don’t grab and hold their interest.
And these are things we all should keep in mind, regardless of how we do things today!
While Apple may be making headline after headline with the latest iPhone or iPod release, most businesses in the NYC area still rely on NYC PC-based networks for both internal and external computer office functions. And PCs in New York or New Jersey, while less expensive and more customizable than Macs, are still as vulnerable to malware and spyware as ever. That’s why its so essential for every business that uses a New York City PC network to either establish a well-versed and cutting edge internal IT department or to secure a professional IT services firm.
Locating PC Support in NYC is no easy task, though. “A lot of small businesses in New Jersey, New York City and even Long Island rely on personal contacts to find IT consultants,” says Einat Aviraz-Sibony, President of NYC computer services firm Uptime (http://www.uptimeus.com). “But just because your cousin’s brother-in-law used to work for MicroSoft doesn’t mean his one-man shop is the best choice for your company’s IT needs.” Here are some tips for locating the Manhattan PC support team that’s the best fit for your company’s needs.
Do They Provide Manhattan IT Maintenance Packages or Just NYC Disaster Recovery?
Of course you want someone on call if your NYC PC network crashes, but even more important is a team that’s willing to download and install periodic upgrades, suggest improvements, and maintain (http://www.uptimeus.com/Services/maintenance-plans.html) the health of your Manhattan IT system.
Do They Offer Manhattan Online Backup?
Most businesses are opting for NY cloud-based backup systems. Why? They’re offsite and tend to be more cost effective due to the lack of upfront hardware investment needed. Any group (http://www.uptimeus.com/Services/data-storage-solutions.html) that offers you PC support will either also offer virtual backup, partner with someone who does, or be able to recommend a company they trust.
Will They Be There When Disaster Strikes?
If the New York PC support team you hire has just one or two employees the chances that someone will be available when your system crashes are slim. Choose an IT services firm that boasts a full staff that way you won’t be left high and dry when your computer system hiccups.
Recommendations From A Reliable Source
Choosing a relative or friend to provide your company with NJ or NY PC support is not always a wise choice, but if that relative or friend comes recommended by several other businesses in similar fields it may actually be the right one. Ask specifically about how the firm responded to “disasters” and if they suggested key upgrades at appropriate times in the company’s evolution.
Think of your PC support and IT services group as an extension of your internal team: you need to make sure they’re thinking about your business’ NYC computer system infrastructure and health. In short, you need to make sure they’re anticipating and circumventing problems that may arise.
The Texas judgment lien is a powerful tool in the judgment collection process. Its power lies in its ability to attach your judgment debt to the debtor's real property. But, there are limitations to that power.
It Only Attaches to Some Real Estate
A Texas judgment lien only attaches to real estate your debtor owns. It has no effect on the debtor's personal property.
Now suppose your debtor does own a home in Texas. Your would, of course, assume that your lien attaches to that home. But, it doesn't. Texas exempts your debtor's personal residence from the power of a judgment lien. It's called a "homestead exemption."
Even though your lien doesn't attach to the debtor's homestead, it does create a cloud on the debtor's title to his home. In other words, you can make it difficult for the debtor to sell his home because your lien creates a question of ownership.
Because of this "cloud" you must release the lien as to the homestead. You don't have to do it until the debtor asks you to do so. But, if the debtor asks, you have to release it. If you don't, the debtor can sue you for damages.
It Attaches to Later Acquired Real Estate
Your judgment lien isn't limited to real estate the debtor owns on the date you create the it. It also applies to any non-homestead real property he acquires at any time after you obtain a judgment. So, if your judgment debtor buys a rent house after you create obtain a judgment, your lien does attach to that rent house.
It Attaches to Inherited Property
When a person dies in Texas, his property immediately becomes the property of his heirs. But, the property is first subject to payment of the debts of the deceased. This is true whether the person dies with or without a will.
If you have a judgment against one of the heirs, it immediately attaches to the inherited property. An executor of the deceased person's estate can, however, sell the property free of your lien. But, he can only do so to pay debts of the deceased.
The Texas Judgment Lien is a powerful collection tool. But, it does have limitation. Being aware of both its power and its limitations will help you make the best use of this tool in your collection efforts.
The world today is burgeoning with unlimited number of business houses cropping up in each and every part of the globe. Many businessmen venture into this challenging field without possessing right attributes required to control a business with the end result leading to acquisition, merger, collaboration or sell out. Business houses at present not only have to focus on core issues of the business but also keep a close watch on latest trends and competitors as well. With the multitude of responsibilities on one’s shoulders it is not possible to manage the affairs of even a small business enterprise with limited knowledge and skill set. One could attend seminars, conferences and consult various experts to enhance knowledge but they all come for a price. One question that may strike in the minds of many inexperienced businessmen and traders is – “How on earth could they access crucial information at an affordable rate?” The answer is Business books! Self study is the best study. Tax planning books, small planning books and other specialized business books on marketing, sales etc. With tax returns, trademarks, patents and goodwill forming a major chunk of corporate suits, businessmen have to exercise much care in matters concerning these issues. Default in payment of taxes can lead to grave legal offence which could stretch to months or even years. Just imagine the amount of the money that would go into such proceedings! Prevention is better than cure. Thus as a prudent businessman, one has to take necessary safeguards to prevent such undesired instances. It is thus essential to plan tax returns in advance using tax planning books. Owners running a small business concern could make use of small business books in order to identify core areas affecting the profit margin and clearing up bottlenecks. Small business tax planning is another important aspect which has to be due consideration if the firm wishes to continue its operations for a considerable number of years. Business books have come to play a key role in educating inexperienced capitalists of the strategies that go into planning and implementation of crucial business policies on the functioning of the organization. Appropriate organization hierarchical structure and effective communication are the backbone of any enterprise. Businessmen can have first hand information with regard to topics like costs, revenue, motivation, performance management, work culture and other business related issues by learning from experiences of professionals. Business books are like pole star that helps business owners through the maze of corporate formalities and comply with them in the prescribed manner. In order to accomplish the organizational goals and short term as well as long term business goals, role of business books cannot be overlooked. By merely following the useful advice and tips of successful business experts, owners can not only reap greater profits but also ensure stable business operation in subsequent years
The world today is burgeoning with unlimited number of business houses cropping up in each and every part of the globe. Many businessmen venture into this challenging field without possessing right attributes required to control a business with the end result leading to acquisition, merger, collaboration or sell out. Business houses at present not only have to focus on core issues of the business but also keep a close watch on latest trends and competitors as well. With the multitude of responsibilities on one’s shoulders it is not possible to manage the affairs of even a small business enterprise with limited knowledge and skill set.
One could attend seminars, conferences and consult various experts to enhance knowledge but they all come for a price. One question that may strike in the minds of many inexperienced businessmen and traders is – “How on earth could they access crucial information at an affordable rate?” The answer is Business books! Self study is the best study. Tax planning books, small planning books and other specialized business books on marketing, sales etc. With tax returns, trademarks, patents and goodwill forming a major chunk of corporate suits, businessmen have to exercise much care in matters concerning these issues. Default in payment of taxes can lead to grave legal offence which could stretch to months or even years. Just imagine the amount of the money that would go into such proceedings! Prevention is better than cure. Thus as a prudent businessman, one has to take necessary safeguards to prevent such undesired instances. It is thus essential to plan tax returns in advance using tax planning books.
Owners running a small business concern could make use of small business books in order to identify core areas affecting the profit margin and clearing up bottlenecks. Small business tax planning is another important aspect which has to be due consideration if the firm wishes to continue its operations for a considerable number of years.
Business books have come to play a key role in educating inexperienced capitalists of the strategies that go into planning and implementation of crucial business policies on the functioning of the organization. Appropriate organization hierarchical structure and effective communication are the backbone of any enterprise. Businessmen can have first hand information with regard to topics like costs, revenue, motivation, performance management, work culture and other business related issues by learning from experiences of professionals.
Business books are like pole star that helps business owners through the maze of corporate formalities and comply with them in the prescribed manner. In order to accomplish the organizational goals and short term as well as long term business goals, role of business books cannot be overlooked. By merely following the useful advice and tips of successful business experts, owners can not only reap greater profits but also ensure stable business operation in subsequent years
About the Author:
There are things in life that are better left alone. For many people, the experience I had during the latter part of this last century would count as one of those things. I am very familiar with the sciences, no expert; but I keep an open mind. Whatever new or cutting edge research that is being done, I like to read as much as I can. Its a hobby of mine, as I am sure it is with many people. I had a professor once state that, " The more you gain in knowledge, the more you realize just how little your truly know". What I took from this was that; with increased knowledge comes the realization that no matter how much knowledge you attain you will never know enough. This is very true, in my opinion. The world is full of information, things we think we know, things that seem true. Then we also have to take into account our eyeballs and the way our brain interprets the information it receives from those eyes. This explains why two people who witness the same event can have differing versions of the truth. The truth is that we live in a world where much of the information that we receive gets filtered, watered, down and twisted to such a degree that we have to ask ourselves; "What is the truth once it is changed to such an extent?" Much of what we take in through out the day turns out to be only one version of truth based upon actual events. Then there are those cutting edge research truths that turn out to be otherwise, but remain true for a time. This truth is given power through belief. The majority of people once believed the earth was flat, now we know better. The fact remains that that was a truth for a long time. The earth is not flat and yet many believed that it was and so that was truth. Truth does not always stand the test of time. We must consider all of these points when we look at unexplained events.
Mysteries for the ages
There are instances throughout history where certain events are ignored for the sake of sanity. Of course other people relish in these challenges and take on such stories head on with the determination of proving or disproving the event in question. There are many instances throughout history where strange objects were found or seen where they should not be. A spark plug found encased in stone that predates that technology. A toad encased in stone and still alive when the rock is split open. There was even a case where miners believed they released a pterodactyl encased in stone, still alive. All of these animals died soon after there release. Are these stories true? Similar stories have been told and retold for years. Even if we assume that most are lying, we cannot state that all are lying. Even with one or two of these stories remaining true we are still faced with the inexplicable. The more popular topics are the Lochness Monster, Bigfoot, UFOs, Shadow figures, and so on. With each topic you will find believers, non believers, with the majority of the population in the middle or simply willing to turn a blind eye. One of my personal favorites is the "Sandal and the Trilobite". An individual was out fossil hunting when he split open a rock and discovered what he believed to be a sandal impression crushing a trilobite. What are we to make of this? One explanation put forth has a larger trilobite coming to rest on a smaller trilobite. This larger trilobite would have left the candle like impression with the trilobite clearly crushed beneath it. It could also simply be the way the rock formed. A trilobite came to be fossilized and when the stone broke open it appeared to be a candle footprint crushing the trilobite. Much like those famous toasted cheese sandwiches an image of Jesus or the virgin Mary on them. Sometimes we like to see what we want to see. Of course, it could also be a human foot wearing a sandal that stepped on and crushed a trilobite. We don't like to think of such things as being true. We can only state that it is highly unlikely that human beings lived while trilobites lived, let alone were wearing sandals. We could also assume that a visitor from another world stepped on that trilobite and crushed it, leaving their footprint to find millions of years later. There is also the possibility that a small population of trilobites survived and went extinct right around the time early man began wearing sandals. Whatever the truth, the fact remains that we are faced with this unexplainable event. The best we can hope for is coming up with versions of the truth that we can believe in. Some people will latch on to one version and feel better about the whole situation. While at the same time other individuals will choose a different version to believe in, because it makes the world make sense to them somehow. Me, I don't know what to believe. I prefer to take in the information and then store it away for a later date. To me that is the only safe way to process information in this day and age. We are bombarded with multiple versions of the truth on a daily basis. By keeping an open mind and acquiring as much knowledge as possible you are positioning yourself to stumble upon the truth all on your own. It is very possible, because of this one simple fact; A series of events occurred leading to the dilemma, all we need to do is figure out the events that lead to the existence of the question. If we do this then it will only be a matter of time before we deduce the truth.
Another famous tale from the past was called, "New England's Dark Day". There was a period of time during the 18th or 19th century when the day became dark as night all across New England. This remained a mystery for years until recently. It turns out that a massive forest fire in Canada may have been to blame. Scientific evidence exists to suggest that it was something as simple as fire that lead to this great mystery. Case closed. This explanation may not sit well with some, but I have read the research and I have found it to be a credible explanation supported by scientific evidence. Another wonderful example of this are all of those famous spontaneous combustion cases. For years it remained a mystery as to how a person could burst in to flames and then have only some parts burn perfectly and completely while leaving a foot or a hand untouched. With a little big of research and experimentation we came to find out that a human body burns really good. Especially the fat, all that is needed is some sort of ignition source. It was also speculated that depending on how a person is clothed it could create a wick effect. This could explain how a body could burn so intensely in some areas while leaving the room, surroundings, and certain body parts untouched. So, here again we have another unexplained event that had a very real and rational explanation. What does this teach us? Well, it teaches us that if these events can be witnessed and experienced over and over for thousands of years that there is truth. As unbelievable as these tails were, it turns out they were true and there was a very logical explanation. This leaves us with having to deal with many other stories that are being told or have been told by thousands more people that are stranger and more difficult to believe. What do we then make of ghost stories, UFO stories, stories of Bigfoot or Lochness. We know from the mysteries that we have explained that it turns out that those events did occur and that they had a logical explanation for them. So now we feel comfortable believing all of those people that we once enjoyed calling a liar or crazy? This forces us to have to at least assume that a great deal more people are telling the truth about events that remain unexplained. More people than we would like. That fact causes me to cringe when I attempt to figure out how a human footprint can come to be found walking next to a set of dinosaur footprints. There are so many more, too many to cover in this one paper.
My Encounter with a UFO
This title alone has some of you cringing or rolling your eyes. Some of you are thinking, "Great, another crackpot who thinks he saw little green Martians". That is fine, some people would rather seek the comfort of ignorance rather than seeking the liberation of truth. Once I relay my own personal experience I do not expect anyone to believe me. Why should they? I had this experience, and I saw it with my own two eyes. Unless someone is standing right beside me to witness the same event, I wouldn't expect anyone to believe me fully. The reason is that no one will believe an a truth more than the individual who discovers that truth. I experienced this, and no one else did, therefor; it will only ever be 100% true to me. Some of you may embrace my life experience, but even then there will always be doubt. That is a good thing. It goes back to what I said about taking in information for consideration only. Formulating concrete truths over second hand information can be a dangerous undertaking. The only safe concrete truths are the ones we experience ourselves. Everything else must only be taken with a grain of salt. I can also understand fully why many scientific minds may have a problem with my experience. They see the vastness of space as something too immense to overcome. It does seem that way, space is mind boggling big. That does not mean that some other race of beings have not figured out something that we are not advanced enough to realize for ourselves. To me that seems pretty arrogant. We have only been Industrialized for a few hundred years. That's a fart on the cosmic scale of things. Who's to say that another race of beings some1000 years beyond our technology has not figured out a way to zip around the stars? I know, Einstein, and Relativity, and blah blah blah. Einstein was a brilliant man and he did make some discoveries along with some interesting observations. I laugh when I try and figure out why we can't believe that an advanced species cannot travel to earth, but we are more than happy to believe that time is a thing that is woven together with space to give us a "Space Time" fabric. Am I the only one that realizes just how bleeping retarded that sounds? Time is a concept, not yarn. The same goes for space! We have discovered some truths about our universe, but we are far from discovering them all. It takes time, but just as our knowledge of our solar system evolved, so too will our knowledge of the bigger picture. Many of the great scientific minds of their day believed in things that we know now not to be true. If you look back over there distinguished careers, you will find many brilliant contributions that hold true to this day. What I am saying is, that it does not matter who you are; you will be wrong as many times as you will be right in your lifetime. Einstein hit the photoelectric effect right on the head, while some of his other concepts are fuzzy at best. I will never state the math is wrong, I suck at math. I will only say that the conclusions drawn from that math may be inaccurate.
Slowly the scientific community has warmed up to the fact that the odds are that life exists somewhere out in space. I am pretty damn sure of it. The problem is that there are just sooo many stars out there, with planets orbiting them, and moons orbiting the planets. Hundreds of billions of stars contained within a single galaxy, one of hundreds of billions of more galaxies. It would be irresponsible for us to believe that we are it. The odds are that space is teaming with life, we just have yet to develop a sophisticated enough ability to look where we need to look. I am talking about advanced forms of life, not microbes. It is possible we have already found evidence of life in that form elsewhere. We are finding life on some of the most inhospitable places on the earth. Why not in space? The fact is that life may be waaaaaaaaaaaaaay more abundant than we realize, and intelligent life waaaaay more abundant than we believe. Some of these advanced beings would naturally have a more evolved notion of the universe around them. Perhaps a race of beings has been around so long that they have figured out all of the big secrets. Maybe coming to earth for them is no different than you or I going out for pizza?!
The jury was out for me as to whether or not we had been visited by intelligences beyond our own planet. I believed that is was highly probable that life existed elsewhere in space, and possible that they could have visited the earth before. These were just assumptions based upon outside information. Information I gathered in school, from the news, friends, books, magazines, etc. I had no concrete evidence or proof for myself, so the best I could do was make assumptions. That is until that night when I saw proof of life beyond our world. I am 99.9% sure that what I saw was not of this earth with the other 0.1% reserved for the highly unlikely possibility that what I saw was a secret military or scientific experiment. So here is my tale for your consideration.
At around 11:00/11:30 pm I was standing out on my deck looking up at the stars. I did this a lot, because where I lived I could see hundreds of stars. I do not recall the time of year only that it was not that cold and there was no snow on the ground. I know that school was in session, because my brother was home visiting from college. It must have been around early October, or early April would be the times of year that suited the temperature that I remember. I do remember the time of night and the events that followed quite clearly. If you have a map of the United States than take it out and look at the state of Maine. On that map and in that state you should see a town called Rockland, and next to that a town called Owls Head. I grew up in Owls Head and it is the location of the following events. I lived not far from the ocean, in fact on some nights when the wind was just right and the waves were rough I could hear them crashing on the nearby beach. I will also get this point out of the way, YES, I LIVE RIGHT NEXT TO A SMALL AIRPORT. Knox county regional airport to be exact. Some people might think that this somehow makes it a fact that what I am about to describe must have been a plane. Had to be because the alternative assaults the senses and it is the only rational explanation. I beg to differ. I am very familiar with the things I should and would typically see growing up next to that airport. I assure you that what I saw was nothing like I had ever seen before, or have ever seen since. And I have seen some pretty convincing things. For instance, some visitors to my home were duped when a plane would be coming in for a landing from the south at night. They would see the light through the trees and be like, "Dude, what's that". They would as that, because they were naturally unfamiliar with something that I had grown up with. I was used to it and knew exactly what it was. More recently I have noticed what I like to call "Night Bursts". The first time I saw one I had to think on it for a while to try and comprehend what I had seen. It soon occurred to me that the sudden bright flashes I had been seeing in the night sky were satellites. These flashes would start out as a pinpoint of light and then would grow intensely, flash, and then disappear. What I realized was that as a satellite moves across the night sky, if it catches the suns light just right, it can direct it back towards earth. If you happen to be standing in the path of this directed light then you would see what appeared to be a star growing very bright and then dimming down again. I looked at all the evidence and then took the time to formulate the proper conclusion. That doesn't mean I was right, perhaps it was the space station or space junk. Doesn't matter, I knew that something was up there catching the sun's rays just right and directing down to my eyes. What I saw that night could not be explained, and remains my only sole experience with an unidentified flying object.
The object appeared out of the east and moved across the night sky to the west. It was roughly 75 degrees above the horizon and moving in an unusual way. As it moved across the sky it would flip, rotate and then flip and rotate again. This was its flight pattern as it moved across the sky. I could make out this movement thanks to the red lights it had, one on each point. The craft was either a six sided diamond shaped or an eight sided diamond shaped object. I believe the later based upon its motion across the sky. The object itself was a very jet black color, so black that I could easily make out the craft against the background above. I cannot say how high up it was, only that it appeared to me to be fairly low in the sky, perhaps only a few thousand feet. As it moved across the sky it would rotate and then flip, rotate and flip, rotate and flip. It continued this movement until I lost sight of the object over the trees. The single red light on each corner really allowed for me to see this rotation and flipping clearly. That was the one solid fact that convinced me that what I was seeing was not of this world. I naturally opened my front door and yelled for my brother to come quick. I never took my eyes of the object while I continued to try and convince him to hurry his ass up. He was engrossed in a television show and was starting to dose on the couch. Once I finally convinced him to come out, you guessed it, the object was out of site. I was more disappointed than pissed off, because I knew how it was going to look. I didn't have a witness, that just left me with a story. An incredible story, but a story none the less. My brother believed me, but it would have been more comforting to have the eye witness to corroborate what I had seen.
So, what do I believe I saw. I do not believe that there were any little green men on board. I don't believe anyone at all was on board. It flew in a straight line across the sky from east to west, flipping and rotating in a regular pattern along the way. It was at night and I didn't really have a whole lot of indicators to show me exactly how big the object was vs how high up it was. Like I said before I believed it was fairly low in the sky and I also believed that it was not a very large vessel. No bigger than bus. I can only speculate based upon what I had seen. What I believe I saw was a satellite that was surveying our planet for whatever reason. Perhaps it was sent here for scientific research or to ascertain if this planet has life, resources, etc. We can speculate as to the vessels purpose, but at the end of the day we will probably never know. Much like we send satellites to observe and research our nearby planets and moons within our own solar system this vessel was sent here to look at us. I assume there were no beings on this vessel based upon the fallacy that a being would get ill flying in a ship flipping and rotating across the sky. Perhaps that motion is normal or enjoyable to the life forms aboard, or perhaps they have figured out a way to overcome the inertial problems. I would also assume that the ship was too small for anyone to be on board, but they could just be tiny little smart aliens. Who knows, really unless they come back and fill us in on the details, I will never know. As I said before, I believe that this was a satellite sent to earth for the purposes of research. Once that UFO was finished surveying our planet it began its journey back to wherever it came from. Leaving me behind to try an comprehend what it was I had just seen.
This was a life altering event for me. Before this event I only believed in the possibilities of this or that being true. After that experience, I now know that there is something else out there. They have expressed interest in researching and surveying our planet. I know this, because I saw the evidence with my own eyes. The way this object moved across the sky simply does not fit with our current knowledge of aerodynamics and propulsion. This was a technology beyond our capabilities....to my knowledge. But until some secret government program operative comes forward to claim responsibility I will have to go with the little green men and the belief that we are not alone.
An Interesting Whether Event
This is no where near as amazing of a life experience as my encounter with a UFO. Still though, it ranks right up there with some interesting whether events. Some of these events have included fish or frogs raining from the sky, ball lighting, angel hair, and so on. Mine falls into the odd storm variety. When I was a child, around 7 or 8 years old I remember the single most interesting storm cloud I had ever witnessed in my life and I am 31 now. I have only seen one other event come close to this when I was round 22, but it was no where near as strange or spectacular. I will describe it at the end of this section.
When I was a child I witnessed the most interesting storm cloud I had ever seen. I remember the sky being a very dark shade of blue all around this cloud with no other clouds in sight. The storm cloud appeared to be extremely high up in the sky. The thunder was loud, but you could tell it was coming from a great distance. Lightning was constantly flashing out from the cloud and then returning back into and around this intense little storm cloud. I just stood there looking up in amazement as the cloud moved very slowly across the sky. It seemed to have all of the furry of a full blown storm cell, but it was a tiny dark storm cloud. The flashes of lighting and thunder were almost constant. This could was moving so slowly that I eventually got tired of marveling at it and went back inside. I remember very little of my childhood, but that memory remains one of my most vivid memory. I couldn't comprehend how such a little cloud could be acting like a big storm. I was only a kid then, but as I got older and learned more and more about the way weather systems and thunderstorms worked I began to realize the significance of what I had seen. I also came across a similar story in "Mysteries of the Unexplained" where a person witnessed another small cloud system that seemed to have ball lighting dancing around it as it moved across the sky. I couldn't help but think that the same mechanisms were at work behind these compact little storm clouds. Since they are not a common occurrence than it is reasonable to assume that some set of special circumstances need to occur to allow for a small intense storm like this to form independent of any nearby storm systems. Perhaps one day soon they will be able to fully explain how such a small cloud can pack so much energy.
I hypothesize that it may have been due to a pocket of warm moist air becoming trapped and surrounded by much cooler air. For whatever reason this pocket of warm air is prevented from rising any further. At the same time the moisture has condensed out to form a cloud that is the same size and shape of the pocket of trapped air. The extreme difference in temperature coupled with the moisture may provide the energy needed for a nasty little storm cloud. It just takes the right conditions.
This about sums up the two strangest events of my life. I consider myself lucky to have experienced them. Some people go their whole lives without ever experiencing anything out of the ordinary. Some would say that is a blessing, I would rather have the out of the ordinary. Growing up I always tried to reconcile things, figure things out, and discover what truth there may be out there. For the most part I had to settle for second hand information passed on through the ages and by various mediums. The significance of the storm cloud I had witnessed when I was a boy eluded me at the time. It wasn't until some years later that I was able to fully appreciate what I had seen. The UFO on the other hand was icing on the cake and far more important of an event to me. As interesting as that compact little storm was, it was still an earth bound natural event under the right conditions. The UFO was something entirely different. It was a confirmation, at least for me, that we are not alone in the Universe. And if that is true than it is equally likely that there are many more different races of beings spread out across the stars. The fact that I was lucky enough to catch a glimpse of an actual UFO is something I will continue to be grateful for until the day I die.
About the Author:
In a world increasingly jaded by technology and progress, it’s easy to scoff at people who blindly entrust their lives to a deck of cards. We tell ourselves, we are rational, clear-headed people, so how can randomly shuffled cards spread on the table possibly answer all our life’s questions.
Tarot cards have had a crucial and inseparable influence in mysticism and the occult. They first arrived sometime in fifteenth century Italy, but it was not until late 17th or 18th century that tarot cards began to be used in divination. The tarot cards that we know today have gone through a long and evolution, from the pictures, symbolisms, procedures, purposes, and meanings. It is interesting to note that tarot cards were originally used in a game, with 21 trump cards, four queens, and a fool added to a normal deck, which totals to 78 cards in all. But it is unclear exactly how tarot branched out from a simple mind-diverting game into the fragile business of looking back into past lives, foretelling the future, and answering questions.
The highly-respected psychologist Carl Jung has always considered tarot as an alternative psychotherapy. For him, the rich imagery inherent in every tarot card represents archetypes of human personality and situations. Archetypes are basic models or prototypes of people that embody a defined set of characteristics. The Emperor card, for instance, can be thought of as representing the patriarch or the father figure.
Over the years, we piece together various archetypes according to our needs. These archetypes are embedded in our unconscious and thus they can affect our actions and thoughts without our knowing. Consequently, our choices of tarot cards when we pick them out from that “innocent” deck reveal our feelings, attitudes, and even fears towards such figures in our lives. For instance, we may not know it, but we have always shied from responsibilities and commitment in lives whenever there is a father figure looming in the background, etc.
Tarot cards offer an alternative language system through which we can access our Unconscious. Therefore, we do not just randomly pick tarot cards, or blindly entrust our lives to them. Every moment of our lives, we lay ourselves bare with the choices we make, even for something as papery as tarot cards.
The Missing Tarot in The Skeptic’s World
Tarot readings then should not be dismissed as just some pretend psychic business exploiting a person’s gullibility. The art of tarot cards is subtle, delicate, yet powerful. It is energised by centuries of symbolism and meaning created, expounded, and developed by people who dared to see beyond. For them, the Arcane that lies on the fringes of human experience holds the secrets we need to survive.
Before we question the legitimacy of tarot cards, we should first look into the person who wants to inquire about himself/herself. Will they see to believe, or believe to see?